Every year students across the globe to Russia to study MBBS and pursue their dream of doctor, especially from India. But most of them are unaware of the study pattern here in Russia. Due to lack of information, students face lots of difficulties and also get fooled by agents.
English Medium Universities in Russia
Most of the universities in Russia teach MBBS in the Russian language or bilingual pattern (half course in English and half in Russian), and very few of them follow strictly English medium pattern throughout the six years. Most of the agents fool students and parents by false advertisement of bilingual universities as English medium.
There are very few universities that teach MBBS in English medium. Some of them are:
- Kursk State Medical University, Kursk
- Kazan State Medical University, Kazan
- Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow
- First Pavlov State Medical University, St. Petersburg
In the bilingual MBBS pattern in Russia, the first three years of education are in English medium and the other three years in the Russian language. Most of the agents advertise them as fully English medium, and student gets trap in this false promise. Some famous bilingual universities which are advertised as English medium are:
- Tver Medical University, Tver
- Smolensk Medical University, Smolensk
Study Pattern of MBBS in Russia
MBBS in Russia is of 6 years as per the US and European standards. In the first three years, students study the theoretical aspect of medicine, and the last three years focus on practical skills. Each year is subdivided into two semesters, which means the student has a total of 12 semesters in the whole course.
Students studying MBBS in Russia goes through Problem Based Learning (PBL) pattern. PBL pattern focuses on developing self-learning and open a vast world of knowledge, which is absent in traditional learning patterns.
The whole batch is divided into groups consisting of 12-15 students in each group. Each group has its timetable, and the teacher teaches one group at a time. In the Russian education system, we have compulsory 100% attendance, unlike the 75% attendance pattern in India. At the end of each semester, students have to give an exam and credit test of each subject.
The MBBS syllabus is overall the same all over the globe. The difference comes in the length and sequence of the subject. In comparison to India, Russian medical universities follow the European pattern and teach according to that.
The first year of MBBS education in Russia focuses on the basics. The students have to study Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Nursing (surgery & therapy), Anatomy, Histology, Latin, Public Health. For the overall development of a student, first-year also includes History, Economics, Philosophy, Culturology, Russian language, Physical Training, Basics of Research, Mathematics.
The second-year is more orientated towards the functioning of the human body and metabolic processes. It includes subjects like Physiology, Biochemistry, Immunology, Hygiene. The students also learn additional subjects like Psychology, Medical Law, Bioethics, and the Russian language for doctor-patient communication.
After passing the second year exams, students work as a nurse in the hospital for minimum two weeks.
In the third year, students undergo training in the etiology of the diseases and the action of drugs. It includes Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Internal medicine, Topographical anatomy and Operative surgery, Radiology.
The next educational year in the MBBS course begins with hospital cycles. The students undergo training in different departments of the hospital. The practical class is split into two parts, the first half discussion and the latter half, practice in the patient ward of the department.
In the fourth year, future doctors go through the various departments in the hospitals. It includes Surgery, Dermatology and Venereology, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Neurology, Therapy, Medical Rehabilitation, Urology, Public health, Pediatrics, Phthisiology, Endocrinology.
The fifth-year trains MBBS students in E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Surgical Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Traumatology, Orthopedics, Physiotherapy, Outpatient therapy, Gene therapy, Infectious diseases.
The final year of the MBBS comprises of Oncology and radiation therapy, Occupational diseases, Anesthesiology, Intensive care training, Dentistry, Clinical Immunology, General medical practice, Neurosurgery, Forensic medicine, Epidemiology.